Journal of Medical Practice and Review http://jmpr.info/index.php/jmpr <p>JMPR invites original research and review articles not published/submitted for publications anywhere. The journal accepts review articles only if author (s) has included his/her own research work and is an authority in the particular field. Invited or submitted review articles on current medical research developments will also be included. Medical practitioners are encouraged to contribute interesting case reports. The journal publishes special features like and book reviews clinical trials which are registered in the Clinical Trial Registry of India or Clinical trials.gov.</p> <p>We publish innovative original research papers, review articles, case reports and short communications dealing with all the medical specialties like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry, Pharmacology, Pathology, Forensic medicine, Microbiology, Community Medicine, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology, Internal Medicine, General Surgery, Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Orthopedics, Psychiatry, Radiology, Pulmonary Medicine, Dermatology and Venereal diseases, Infectious Diseases, Anaesthesia, Cardiology, Diabetes, Cancer research, Endocrinology, Urology, Neurosurgery, Geriatric Medicine, Gastroenterology, Neurology, Nephrology, Dentistry and Medical education.</p> <p><strong>About US</strong></p> <p>We also accept research articles in the field of Medical Research, Free radical biology, Immunology, Infertility, Hematology, Medical Genetics, Laboratory Medicine, Medical Statistics and Biotechnology</p> <p>Welcome to the Journal of Medical Practice and review, Rapid publication of original medical and allied research articles, reviews, case reports, preliminary and pilot studies. Symposium proceedings, summaries of presentations or collections of medical data on a specific topic are also welcome, for publication as supplements/special issues.</p> Journal of Medical Practice and Review en-US Journal of Medical Practice and Review 2456-267X Identification of Major Risk Factors associated with Development of Coronary Heart Disease and Appraisal of Diabetes in Pakistan http://jmpr.info/index.php/jmpr/article/view/88 <p><strong>Introduction:</strong> The incidence of diabetes mellitus is increasing day by day for the past few decades.&nbsp; The increased prevalence can be attributed to the low level of knowledge, appraisal and sedentary lifestyle. <strong>Objective:</strong> The objective of the study was to identify the major risk factors associated with development of coronary heart disease and appraisal of disease among diabetic patients in twin cities of Pakistan. <strong>Methodology:</strong> A descriptive cross-sectional study was used. The study respondents were diabetes patients. Heart Fact Questionnaire (HFQ) and Appraisal of Diabetes Questionnaire (ADS) were distributed to a sample of 382 diabetes patients. Mann Whitney and Kruskal Wallis tests (p ≥ 0.05) were used to found out difference among knowledge of risk factors and appraisal of disease with different demographic variables. <strong>Results:</strong> Most of the respondents 79.8 % (n=308) agreed that family history is a risk factor for developing heart disease. The results showed that 89.1 % (n=344) and 82.1 % (n=317) knew that high blood pressure and cholesterol are risk factors for heart disease, respectively. The results highlighted that 16.1 % (n=62) agreed that diabetes is extremely upsetting but only 1.8% (n=7) of the respondents had complete control over diabetes.Significant difference (p ≥ 0.05) in knowledge and disease appraisal among diabetes patients was observed among patients with different level of qualification and duration of disease. Newly diagnosed patients and those with better qualification levels had relatively better knowledge and disease appraisal. <strong>Conclusion:</strong> The current study concluded that the knowledge regarding risk factors and disease appraisal was good. Patients who had higher qualification had higher disease appraisal. Age, gender, income level and duration of treatment had no impact on disease appraisal.&nbsp;</p> Madeeha Malik Bakhtawar Bint-e- Younas Azhar Hussain ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2018-10-04 2018-10-04 Prevalence Of Chronic Kidney disease and It’s risk Factors In Saudi Adults http://jmpr.info/index.php/jmpr/article/view/94 <p><strong>Background and Objective</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a an increasing public health issue with growing problem worldwide. We aim to determine the prevalence of CKD and it's risk factors in a representative sample of Saudi population.</p> <p><strong>Methods</strong></p> <p>For the present study, we analyzed 5025 participants whom are between the age 18 to 105 years. All patients were from the population of the Primary health centre at King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.&nbsp; All data were collected on the basis of a review of electronic medical data and through a personal interview. All patients in the present study fulfilled the revised National Kidney Foundation criteria for the diagnosis of CKD. <sup>18</sup> Weight (kg) and height (cm) were measured were recorded. Body mass index (BMI) values classified as&nbsp; overweight or obese (BMI≥25.0 kg/m<sup>2</sup>). <sup>19</sup> Participants were defined as having type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) according to self-report, clinical reports, use of antidiabetic agents and HbA1c (≥6.5). <sup>20</sup> HTN was defined when the systolic blood pressure was ≥130 mm Hg and/or diastolic blood pressure was ≥85 mm Hg in addition to receiving any medication for hypertension. <sup>21</sup> The total number of cohort were separated on basis of age values into five groups: &lt;30 years, 30-39 years,&nbsp; 40-49 years, 50-59 years and&nbsp; ≥60 years.</p> <p><strong>Main results</strong></p> <p>We analyzed 5025 participants, 1821 (36.2%) were male and 3204 (63.8%) were female. Mean age was 42.7 ± 15.8 ( minimum 18 years and maximum 105 years ).&nbsp; CKD was present in&nbsp; 255 (5.1%) cases, 219&nbsp; (85.9)%) cases were male and 36 (15.1%) cases were female with male to female ratio 5.7:1, P&lt;0.0001. Patients with CKD were significantly older than patients without CKD, (57.9±14.6 vs. 43.1±15.4 respectively, p&lt;0.0001). Mean BMI was not significantly different in patients with or without CKD (29.9±5.2 vs. 29.8±7.0 respectively, p=0.8). Moreover, Patients with CKD have significantly higher prevalence of T2DM, HTN, BMI≥25 and risk factors of 3 or more and less frequent of smoking prevalence than patients without CKD. Patients with T2DM were 1.6-fold to possess CKD (OR=1.6; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.5, 1.8, or had been diagnosed with HTN (OR=2.3; 95% CI=2.0, 2.6), (p&lt;0.0001), being a male (OR=2.6; 95% CI=2.4, 2.7), (p&lt;0.0001) and were also less likely to be a smoker (OR=0.4; 95% CI=0.2, 0.8), (p=0.005). Regression analysis showed the risk of CKD was significantly associated with gender ((OR=10.3; 95% CI=7.1, 14.8), (p&lt;0.0001), HTN ((OR=1.9; 95% CI=1.4, 2.6), (p&lt;0.0001) and age &nbsp;((OR=1.04; 95% CI=1.03, 1.05), (p&lt;0.0001). CKD prevalence is consistently statistically significant with increasing age (p&lt;0.0001) with male predominant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>It can be concluded from this study that the prevalence of CKD among Saudis is &nbsp;relatively high.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Older age, male gender, HTN, T2DM, overweight and obesity can be regarded as related factors.</p> Dr.khalid Aljabri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2018-10-04 2018-10-04 Discovering the secret program Of usa mind control http://jmpr.info/index.php/jmpr/article/view/95 <p>Mind control is a reductive process in which a man is reduced to an animal, machine or slave. U.S. mind control weapons can be more powerful than the atomic bombs; their existence remains as one of the greatest secrets of the USA. The U.S. government tries to deny the existence of mind control weapons, however the existence of technology capable of creating it and recent researches give evidences of &nbsp;a classified US global mind control weapon program, &nbsp;mainly in Latin america. The main evidences are: The &nbsp;announcement of BRAIN initiative, the discovery of nanomafias, the creation of Valley Silicon in Latin america, recent researches that alert about the cerebral internet in Latin america, the US army of cyborgs announcement, the zombies outbreak’s announcement, the strong suspect&nbsp; of mind control in Latin americans hospitals and the oversized promotion for use of brain nanobots. It is necessary to highlight that the US mind control program with brain nanobots is a secret of the majority of scientific press. It is necessary that society is informed on the truth about the mind control and that the honest authorities take the preventive measures to block the massive mind control that would be developing in the world, mainly in Latin america. Mental control should be considered a new public health problem in medicine.</p> David Salinas ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2018-10-12 2018-10-12